Almost four out of ten Swiss residents have migration background

Canton Geneva had the highest proportion of inhabitants with a migration background in 2021, namely 63%. Keystone / Martial Trezzini

The percentage of Swiss residents over 15 with a migration background rose slightly last year to 39%.

This content was published on October 13, 2022 - 17:15

Federal Statistical Office figuresExternal link published on Thursday show that 2.9 million permanent residents were of migrant origin in 2021, up 1% on the previous year. This compares with a 0.3% increase between 2019 and 2020.

More than 80% of them (2.3 million people) were born abroad and belong to the first generation of migrants. The rest were born in Switzerland and therefore are considered second-generation migrants. 

Of the 2.9 million, 38% have Swiss nationality. The most common foreign nationalities are Italian (10%), German (9%), Portuguese (7%) and French (4%).

Canton Geneva had the highest proportion of inhabitants with a migration background, namely 63%. It was followed by Basel City (54%), Vaud (52%), Ticino (50%), Zurich (44%) and Zug (44%). The lowest percentage was found in Uri (15%).

The term migration background applies to those without a Swiss passport, those who have become Swiss and those who were born in Switzerland to parents who were born abroad.

In compliance with the JTI standards

In compliance with the JTI standards

More: SWI certified by the Journalism Trust Initiative

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